Most people are christians and come from the area. Around a fifth migrated from the rest of the United Kingdom and only a few people from other countries. Many Welsh see themselves as celts. More than one out of ten people can write and speak Welsh. Both English and Welsh are official languages in Wales. In Welsh the country is called Cymru, speak Cumree.
The welsh peninsula is located at the sea. It has many hills and meadows. Large areas are under nature protection. There used to be a lot of industry in Wales because of the mining of coal, iron and lime. However, these companies have disappeared because you can no longer earn enough money with them.
What happened earlier in Wales?
In ancient times modern day Wales was inhabited by celtic tribes. In the year 43 AD the romans conquered it. From around 400 AD, the Romans left the island. This is how Celtic kingdoms came into being in Wales. Germanic tribes, later called Anglo-Saxons, arrived in the east of the island.
In the Middle Ages, Anglo-Saxon kings conquered part of what is now Wales. However, these areas were not yet part of the Kingdom of England. That did not happen until around 1540. At that time, the English King Henry the Eighth also determined: A person can only exercise an office if he speaks English and not Welsh.